The topic of ethnography plus the primary elements of its scientific discipline

The topic of ethnography plus the primary elements of its scientific discipline

On the subject of ethnography written much, but full clarity within this matter so far. And this can be largely because of the truth that ethnography is most usually understood as a single, monolithic science.

When turning towards the query of what to study this or that science, then typically try to discern the object of science and its topic. Despite the fact that this reasoning in some cases take scholastic character object and object distinguishing science nonetheless is below a certain basis. The object of science – 1 or one more location of the true world. The topic of science – that aspect of the field, which to date has highlighted science has become within the most important, though not in detail, the content material of scientific Each and every sphere from the real world is diverse. It really is divided into a plurality of sub-regions, it has a lot of levels, the parties. Therefore each science in its development course of action progressively disintegrates into a plurality of subjects, every of which focuses on the study of a particular subregion, of a level of a party, essay writing service It has its personal subject, distinct from other subjects connected to it subsciences.

Methods of Ethnography. The problem from the concept of “ethnicity” in ethnography

Even in the XIX century, there are actually the first attempts to clarify what is meant by the term “ethnic group”, the “people”. Among the initially to attempt to perform so A. Bastiani. He came to the conclusion that the existence of ethnic types are a nation, ethnic group, tribe, as a self-sufficient, samoproizvodyaschiesya by playing the ethnic identity and ethnically homogeneous marriages, integrity and stability, single-system of education. Even so, such an explanation couldn’t satisfy the researchers, because it will not take into account things for instance ethno-cultural and linguistic assimilation. Below the influence on the evolutionist works and performs of Marx and Engels, there is a new theory – the ethnic groups as social groups which have arisen in the course of the historical method (in Marxist writings, he generally looked – tribe, nationality, capitalist nation (and in some cases with out this period), socialist nation).

The basic method is ethnography direct observation of life and manners peoples in the globe, and their settling cultural-historical relationships, and their subsequent evaluation. Considering that ethnography research the modern day peoples, not just in their present, but also in their historical and cultural development, ethnogenesis and history with the formation of social institutions that happen to be also used written and material sources. Approach of direct observation is definitely the work in the ethnographer inside the territory of his analysis, and that the field of ethnographic analysis. It has long been observed that individuals who speak several languages have numerous similarities in the spiritual and material culture, and kinship around the contrary, in some cases extremely several. It truly is so formulated the concept of “economic-cultural types” and “historical and ethnographic regions».